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[翻译资料分享] 2020年11月CATTI英语三级笔译真题及参考答案










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发表于 2021-7-18 19:18:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
PDF打印版下载地址: 三级笔译实务真题2020年11月.pdf (598.04 KB, 下载次数: 18)
At 51, Cathy McDonnell wanted to put herOxford physics degree and former experience crunching data at Qinetiq to betteruse. She had worked part-time in a school for several years while her threechildren were young, but she wanted to get back into the corporate world.
Several applications later, all for jobsin her former field of defence, she was getting nowhere. Then a friend told herabout “returnships”, a form of later-life work experience that some companiesare experimenting with to help older people — mainly women — return to work,often after breaks to care for families.
Cathy eventually secured a place on an11-week “Career Returners” programme with O2, open to men and women, whichincluded being buddied with a 20-year-old male student who was also with thecompany on work experience. He helped to acquaint her with new technology, suchas using an iPhone and accessing the company’s virtual private network from herlaptop so she could work from home but still access internal files.
“Onthe assessment day, I thought they must have been looking at my projectmanagement skills. But they weren’t looking at us for specific roles. They werejust thinking, ‘These women have a lot to offer, let’s see what they can do.’That was refreshing.”
In fact, by hiring female returnees,companies can access hard skills these women developed in their formerhigh-level jobs — and for a discount. In return, employers coach older femalesback into working life.Through her returnship, Ms McDonnell gained a full-timerole as an operations data consultant, handling projects within servicemanagement at O2.She still is earning less than she would like to. “But it’s afoot in the door and the salary is up for review in six months,” she says.
It is still overwhelmingly women whostay home to care for young families. UK government figures show that womenaccount for around 90 per cent of people on extended career breaks for caringreasons.
A lack of middle-aged women working,particularly in highly skilled roles, is costing the UK economy £50bn a year,according to a report. The report found that men over 50 took home nearlytwo-thirds of the total wages paid out to everyone in that age range in 2015.It blamed the pay gap on the low-skilled, part-time roles older women oftenaccept. Some 41 per cent of women in work in the UK do so part-time, as opposedto only 11 per cent of men.
A study last year by economists found“robust evidence of age discrimination in hiring against older women” in arange of white and blue-collar jobs. The data show that it is harder for olderwomen to find jobs than it is for older men regardless of whether they havetaken a break from working.
Today, the rapid advancement ofinformation technology represented by the Internet has brought about new waysof social production, created new space for people's life, opened new horizonsof state governance and enhanced people's ability to understand and shape the world.Chinais vigorously implementing the national strategies for cyber development, ITapplication and big data and the "Internet Plus" action plan. Itencourages the development of e-commerce, promotes integration of the digitaland real economies and works to optimize the allocation of resources and boosttotal factor productivity, which will drive innovation, transform growth modeland adjust economic structure.
China values fairness, openness andcompetition in the market. While pursuing its own development, China advocatescooperation and shared benefits and commits to promoting investment, trade anda stronger digital economy globally. It supports fair and open internationaltrade, opposes trade barriers and trade protectionism and pursues an open andsecure environment for the digital economy, to ensure the Internet serves theeconomy and innovation. It calls for fair, reasonable and universal access tothe Internet, popularization of Internet technology and diversity of Internetlanguage, and seeks enhanced cooperation and exchange with other countries andregions on cyber security and information technology, for the advancement and innovationof Internet technology, equal sharing of digital dividends and sustainabledevelopment of the cyberspace.
In December 2019, a cluster of pneumoniacases were found. Scientists believe that It was caused by a previously unknownvirus- Now named COVID-19.
Coronaviruses have the appearance of acrown. Crown in Latin is called "corona" and that's how these virusesgot their name. There are different types of coronaviruses that causerespiratory and sometimes gastrointestinal of symptoms.
It's known that coronaviruses circulatein a range of animals. But the animals which transmit COVID-19 are not knownyet. And the exact dynamics of how the virus is transmitted is yet to bedetermined.
From what is known so far, there can bea number of symptoms ranging from mild to severe. There can be fever andrespiratory symptoms such as cough and shortness of breath. In more severecases, there's been pneumonia, kidney failure and death. There is currently nospecific medication for the virus and treatment is supportive care. There iscurrently no vaccine to protect against the virus. Treatment and vaccines arein development.
Nevertheless, we are committed tocombatting the COVID-19 epidemic. It's certainly troubling that so many peopleand countries have been affected, so quickly. Now that the virus has a footholdin so many countries, the threat of a pandemic has become very real. But itwould be the first pandemic in history that could be controlled. The bottomline is: we are not at the mercy of this virus.
The great advantage we have is that thedecisions we all make-as governments, businesses, communities, families andindividuals can influence the trajectory of the epidemic. We need to rememberthat with decisive, early action, we can slow down the virus and preventinfections. Among those who are infected, most will recover.
It's also important to remember thatlooking only at the total number of reported cases and the total number ofcountries doesn't tell the full story. This is an uneven epidemic at the globallevel. Different countries are in different scenarios, requiring a tailoredresponse. It's not about containment or mitigation. It's about both.
All countries must take a comprehensiveblended strategy for controlling their epidemics and pushing this deadly virusback. Countries that continue finding and testing cases and tracing theircontacts not only protect their own people, they can also affect what happensin other countries and globally. The WHO has consolidated its guidance forcountries in four categories: those with no case; those with sporadic cases;those with clusters; and those with community transmission. For all countries,the aim is the same: stop transmission and prevent the spread of the virus.
For the first three categories,countries must focus on finding, testing, treating and isolating individualcases and following their contacts. In areas with community spread, testingevery suspected case and tracing their contacts become more challenging. Actionmust be taken to prevent transmission at the community level to reduce theepidemic to manageable clusters.
Passage2 汉译英
水稻是世界上最主要的粮食作物之一,世界上一半以上人口(包括中国60%以上人口)都以稻米作为主食。中国是世界上最早种植水稻的国家,至今已有7000 年左右的历史,当前水稻产量占全国粮食作物产量近一半。水稻作为主要的粮食,无论对中国还是对世界的重要性都是不言而喻的。中国在超级杂交水稻(superhybrid rice)生产方面成就突出,关键人物便是袁隆平。被誉为“中国杂交水稻之父”。他的名字不仅在中国家喻户晓,在国际上也享有盛誉。袁隆平于上世纪60 年代开始杂交水稻研究。他带领科研团队使中国杂交水稻一直领先于世界水平,不仅不断实现杂交水稻的高产量目标,而且在生产实践中不断推广应用,从实际上解决了中国人吃饭难的问题。袁隆平还多次到美国、印度等国家传授技术,为30 多个国家和地区的政府官员和科研工作者讲学,促进杂交水稻技术造福世界。
1987 年11 月3 日,联合国教科文组织在巴黎总部向袁隆平颁发科学奖,认为他的科研成果是“第二次绿色革命”。2004年,袁隆平获得世界粮食奖(theWorld Food Prize),表彰 他为人类提供营养丰富、数量充足的粮食所做出的突出贡献。
Rice, one of the most eaten staple foodsin the world, feeds over half of the global inhabitants, including 60 percentof China’s population. As the world’s earliest rice planting country, China haspracticed rice plantation for nearly 7,000 years, and today rice accounts fornearly 50 percent of its total grain crop output.
Yuan Longping, dubbed the “Father ofHybrid Rice in China”, is not only a widely-known name in China, but also aglobally influential figure.
Yuan began hybrid rice research in the1960s. His team led the world in the breeding techniques and developmentstrategy, which not only produced high yields in wide application but alsosucceeded in ensuring China’s population stayed fed.
On November 3, 1987, the UNESCO grantedhim the Science Prize of the year at its headquarters in Paris, citing hisscientific and technological achievements as the “second green revolution”. In2004, Yuan Longping took the World Food Prize for his outstanding contributionto providing nutritious, sufficient food to the mankind.


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