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[上海师范大学] 上海师范大学2015年翻译硕士考研真题

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发表于 2018-9-28 17:52:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
英语基础
  一、 选择题(共60题,每题0.5分)
  Part A 词汇(专四那个词汇题型,复习时可以用专四和三笔综合来练习)
  Part B 语法 (还是和专专四的语法选择题差不多,可用专四和三笔综合的内容来复习)
  Part C 改错 (选择题形式的改,难度还可以,我觉得这个不用太担心)
  二、 阅读 (共五篇,前四篇是选择题形式,最后一篇是问答形式)
  三、 作文
  第一篇:We will win something, but we also lose something in life. Write on the entitled “ Good loser or better loser”
  第二篇:图表作文。给出两幅有关GDP、个人收入和工资的年变化统计图,题目给出了三点要求:1. 分析图表所反映的情况。2. 引起这种情况的原因。3. 根据以上情况提出你自己的观点。写作思路按照这个线索来就可以了。(这种作文题型复习可以用非英语专业考研英语1和英语2的作文辅助,那个很多这种题型)
  翻译基础
  一、 短语翻译
  Part A 英译汉
  1. UNESCO
  2. APEC
  3. ASEAN
  4. CPI Growth
  5. Transnational company
  6. Household applied services
  7. Transfer of technology
  8. New platform for service trade
  9. China national tourism administration
  10. Development search center of the SC
  11. Urgent treatment measure
  Part A 汉译英
  1. 促进和平稳定
  2. 外交部
  3. 多元文化融合
  4. 天人合一
  5. 中国梦
  6. 当今世界潮流
  7. 深入交换意见
  8. 奉行独立自主的和平外交政策
  9. 引起国际社会广泛关注
  10. 实现又快又好发展
  11. 中外合资企业
  12. 大力发展绿色经济
  13. 上海自贸区
  14. 人民政协
  15. 全国人大
  二、 段落翻译
  Part A 英译汉
  第一篇:(我当时只记下了第一句,全文是回来后在网上输入第一句找到的,当时的考题节选了其中的前两段,你可以把全文 都看一下,作为参考)
  A question often asked is:"What are the marks of an educated man?"
  It is plain that they are habits and traits. One may gain no inconsiderable body of learning in some special field of knowledge without at the same time acquiring those habits and traits which are the marks of an eduacted gentleman. An education will make its mark and find its evidences in certain traits,characteristics,and capacities which have to be acquired by patient endeavor,by following good example ,and by receiving wise discipline and right struction. These traits or characteristics may be classified. Among them are five that should always stand out to be seen of all ecucated man.
  The first of these is correctness and precision in the use of the mother tongue. As we hear and see ,the quite much of the spoken language,as well as the written, are shoking slovenliness and vulgarity. Though,some of them who beyond peradventure that years of attendance upon schools and colleges have produced no impression.
  A second and indispensable trait of the educated man is refined and gentle manners,which are themselves the expression of fixed habits of thought and action. When manners are superficial, artificial,artificial,and forced,no matter what their form,they are bad manners. When,they are the natrual expression of fixed habits of thought and action,they are good manners. The gentlman instinctively knows the difference between them. So,he will know he may and should do and may not and should not do.
  A third trait of the educated man is the power and habit of reflection. A lot of people live on the surface or far beyond the present moment and that part of the future. They don't read those works of prose and poetry which have become classic because they reveal power and habit of reflection and induce that power and habit in others.
  A fourth trait of the educated man is the power of growth. He continues to grow and develop from birth to his dying day. His interests expand,his contacts multiply,his knowledge increases, and his reflection becomes deeper and wider.
  A fifth trait of the educated man is his possesion of efficiency,or the power to do. The mere dreamer lacks something which an education requires.The power to do may be exercised in any one of a thousand ways.
  Given these five characteristices,one has the outline of an educated man. That outline may be filled in by scholarship,by literary power,by mechanical skills,by business competence or by social and political leadership.
  第二篇:
  Many scientists, from their earlier work, have enough knowledge to make good guesses as to the solution to a problem they are working on. In making new discoveries, they may use the trial-and-error method, they may draw on past expericences, or they may try to find out what others have discovered. They may design new investigations and new ways of testing their results. Scientists have to train themselves to use their brains efficiently; that is ,they train themselves to think.
  For example, when Thomas A. Edison was trying to make an electric lamp, he needed a substance for the filament inside the bulb that would glow brightly without burning up quickly. He tried more than one thousand different filaments before he found one that he could use. After each trial he thought about how the new substance had acted. He kept notes and compared results. After he had experimented for a long time, someone asked Mr. Edison whether he was discouraged at the waste of time. He replied," I have not been wasting time. I have found one thousand materials that won't work. Now I can look for others." Edison's statement is very important. Above all, scientists demand to know when and where they are wrong. A good question to ask in science is not :"Am I right?" but "Am I wrong?"
  Scientists spend many years of study, trainging themselves in using their brains and the tools of investigation. They also use each other's work. Isaac Newton, a British scientist, who lived over 300 years ago, said he saw further than others because he stood on the shoulders of giants.
  Part B 英译汉
  第一篇:(本文摘自《科学的春天》――郭沫若在全国科学大会闭幕式上的讲话 1978年3月31日。如果你完整看了《历史转折中的邓小平》,对这个一定有印象,当时我看见这个好高兴,虽然不确定自己能完全翻译正确)
  我们中华民族在人类文明发展史上,曾经有过杰出的贡献。现在,在共产党的领导下,我们民族正在经历着一场伟大的复兴。恩格斯在谈到十六世纪欧洲文艺复兴时曾经说过,那是一个需要巨人而且产生了巨人的时代。今天,我们社会主义祖国的伟大革命和建设,更加需要大批社会主义时代的巨人。我们不仅要有政治上、文化上的巨人,我们同样需要有自然科学和其他方面的巨人。我们相信一定会涌现出大批这样的巨人。
  科学是讲求实际的。科学是老老实实的学问,来不得半点虚假,需要付出艰巨的劳动。同时,科学也需要创造,需要幻想,有幻想才能打破传统的束缚,才能发展科学。科学工作者不应当把幻想让诗人独占了。
  第二篇:没有在网上找到原文,内容是介绍上海的,有关上海的经济文化历史等介绍,开头就是20世纪70年代,文中有两个这样的时间翻译,所以你复习的时候要注意这类表示时间的短语.
  百科知识与写作
  一、 名词解释(这个题觉得自己答得不怎么样,答完卷子没事干我用铅笔把这些写在了准考证的背面,只为回忆版,嘻嘻~)
  1. 除了《天演论》外,严复还翻译的其他作品有什么?
  2. 写出诸子百家中除儒家外的其他任意4家
  3. 成语“韬光养晦”是什么意思
  4. 郭沫若《女神》是受美国哪位浪漫主义作家的哪部作品影响而写成的
  5. 2015年APEC会议主题是什么
  6. “文艺复兴”时期的“人文主义”指的是什么
  7. “天行健,君子以自强不息”出自哪部国学典籍,是什么意思
  8. 《南京条约》是什么性质的条约?
  9. UNESCO(联合国教科文组织)的宗旨是什么
  10. 19世纪美国超验主义文学家罗梭吸收了中国的什么思想
  11. 《论语》是什么样的作品
  12. 我国四大名剧是什么?作者分别是谁
  13. 四大名著是什么?作者分别是谁?分别在什么时候出版?
  14. “新大陆”指的是哪里?
  15. 基督教的三个分支是什么
  16. 古希腊文化以什么最著称
  17. “四书五经”是什么
  18. “六经”是什么
  19. 我国历史上到达西域的第一人是谁?他带回了什么?
  20. 分别写出我国列入UNESCO的4个文化遗址,4个自然景观
  二、 应用文写作
  中英诗歌协会第五次年会将在本校举办,假如你是本校校长秘书,请为校长写一份年会开幕式的发言稿,具体要求:1. 介绍本校的发展情况。2. 介绍会议筹备情况。3.介绍本次会议主旨。4. 本次会议的意义。5. 预祝会议成功。
  三、 大作文
  卷子上面给出了习近平主席在一次会议上引用了古语“学如弓弩,才如箭镞”,并给出了其解释:学问的根基如弓,人的才能如箭,真知灼见(学识)引导箭头射出,才能命中目标。比喻没有学问,才能不能发挥,没有学识指导人生,就没有正确的方向。
  从翻译角度如何看待领导人在讲话中对古语的引用。写一遍800字作文。

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